During the last seventy-five years, two generations of the Kullok family have been committed to developing non-invasive technologies that enhance physiological wellbeing and boost learning. The BrightStar technology is one of the fruits of these labors of love.

The Kulloks’ multi-disciplinary approach to reading difficulties and dyslexia has been influenced by the works of many leading scientists and researchers like John Stein 1, Angela Fawcett 2, Jean Piaget 3 and Lev Vygotsky 4. Also, particular views of J. J. Gibson on visual perception and John Lacey’s work in the field of autonomic responses, has influenced their research. To conclude, the research of others in the fields of cardiorespiratory & vascular dynamics and complexity measures of fractal and non-linear time series analysis, has had active interest from a research point of view.

A Physiological Approach To ADHD

In the 1990s the Kulloks developed a novel, non-verbal, audio-visual stimulation methodology that interacted synchronously with a number of physiological activities controlled and regulated by the peripheral nervous system or Autonomic Nervous system (ANS).  The Kulloks planned for the stimuli to influence the dynamical interplay between sympathetic and parasympathetic activity in the body, as measured through real-time Heart Rate Variability (HRV). Accordingly, after years of scientific research and patenting their ideas 6, 7, they developed the first-ever cardio-neural audio-visual biofeedback system that was successfully used to ameliorate hyperactivity behavior in thousands of ADHD children and adults 8. The system induced relaxation in hyperactive individuals via audio-visual stimuli that modulated the parasympathetic activity. This modulation in turn involuntarily improved their ability to constrain their movements. Following the use of this system, many of the ADHD children were taken off Ritalin 3 or similar medications.

A Physiological Sensory-motor Approach to Reading Difficulties and Dyslexia

At the turn of the 21st century, the Kulloks, encouraged by their technological success in ADHD, decided to expand their research to embrace core deficits in reading difficulties and dyslexia.

BrightStar’s technology springs from a scientific body of research that poses dyslexia as biologically-caused. This approach led the Kulloks to focus on early- developmental sensory-motor core deficiencies in visual-motion perception and on mild-to-strong deficiencies in specific aspects of cerebellar functioning concerning temporal processing of visual information.

The Future

The Kulloks continue their mission to develop technologies and practical applications based on highly-tested scientific principles.  Future developments of the BrightStar’s technology will likely incorporate other sensory stimulation techniques for a more direct connection to phonological awareness and written language skills.

  1. The Magnocellular Theory of Developmental Dyslexia, Professor John Stein, University Laboratory of Physiology, Oxford, UK
  2. Developmental dyslexia: the cerebellar deficit hypothesis  Nicolson RI, Fawcett AJ, Dean P- Dept. of Psychology, University of Sheffield, S10 2TP, Sheffield, UK
  3. Theories concerning genetic epistemology, Piaget
  4. Social Development Theory
  5. The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. 1979, Gibson, J.J, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, USA
  6. United States Patent 7,309,315, Apparatus, method and computer program product to facilitate ordinary visual perception via an early perceptual-motor extraction of relational information from a light stimuli array to trigger an overall visual-sensory motor integration in a subject, S. Kullok, et al.
  7. United States Patent 6,644,976, Apparatus, method and computer program product to produce or direct movements in synergic timed correlation with physiological activity, S. Kullok, et al.
  8. An autonomic nervous system biofeedback modality for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Eisenberg J, Ben-Daniel N, Mei-Tal G, Wertman E; Child Psychiatry Clinic, S. Herzog Memorial Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel