The term ‘Learning Disabilities’ (LD) is actually a general term that describes specific kinds of learning problems.
However, learning disabilities are more than a learning difference or difficulty, they are neurological disorders that affect the brain’s ability to receive, process, store, or respond to information. Most individuals affected by them have more than one kind. An individual with learning disabilities was either born with them or has acquired them, sometimes as a result of brain/head injury events.
Although LD can occur in very young children, most of the disorders are usually not recognized until the child reaches school age. Estimates are that children with learning disabilities compose between 5 – 10% of the school-age population.
- Manifest as complex disorders that do not affect intelligence (IQ).
- Vary in their expression and in the way they impact individuals.
- Can prevent from a child to learn as quickly as his peers who do not have such disabilities.
- Cannot be cured or fixed; however, with appropriate support and intervention, the learning disabled can succeed in school, at work, in relationships, and in the community.
Educational skill sets most often affected by learning difficulties include:
- Basic reading (word identification/decoding)
- Reading fluency
- Reading comprehension
- Math calculations
- Math problem solving
- Oral comprehension
- Oral expression
- Learning strategies and memory
- Coordinating movements/motor clumsiness